Dry Waste Management

Setting up Dry Waste Collection Centres (DWCC) across the city/town is key to recovery and managing dry waste. It also integrates the traditional role of the informal sector.  
      
Very early on in our journey, we realized the need for a destination for the dry waste generated at home. This is additional to the regular kabadiwalla or scrap dealer at the corner of the street. Dry waste included lot more items than just cardboards, newspaper, glass bottles, milk covers etc. 

It includes all kinds of paper, plastic, glass, metal, mattress, shoes, electronic items, and a range of packaging material that gets generated due to retail consumption. The role of EPR in dry waste management is undeniable. 

The aspiration of achieving dry waste management is to achieve the role of a public utility function, feeding into a circular economy based on business principles while integrating and including the informal sector. 

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What is it?

Dry waste management is the setting up of the end to end process of collection, sorting, aggregation and sale of dry waste. It starts with the collection of source-segregated dry waste, sorting and grading of the various categories in secondary sorting collection centers, aggregating for sale of recyclables into the open market, or aggregating for take/buy back of non-recyclables by Producer Organizations of their branded litter.

This should cater to all types of dry waste be it Paper, Plastic both recyclable and non-recyclable, metals, glass, bulky dry waste like thermocole, mattress, furniture, cloth

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SWMRT conceived and conceptualized the setting up Dry Waste Collection Centers (DWCC) as an important first point interface that will create visibility, easy accessibility and therefore participation from the general public in segregating and sending all the dry waste to the DWCC.


SWMRT had detailed the DWCC layout and working and presented it to the BBMP officials, legal representatives at various forums including the Lok Adalat in 2010. 
In 2012 the High Court has mandated BBMP to set up Dry Waste Collection centers in every ward. And today many of the wards in Bengaluru have these dry waste collection centers.

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Dry Waste Collection Centre
It is a decentralised Collection Centre provided in all the residential neighbourhoods, commercial areas and market places which will be a destination for all dry waste collected by waste workers and also facilitate the buyback of Dry Waste, at a nominal price, either directly from the local residents or from the  waste workers. 

The number and size of centers to manage dry waste depends on the dry waste generated in the city/town/district. But is a MUST in every city/town/district as a local destination for all kinds on dry waste.
 

Why Dry Waste Management is important?

  • These are essential for facilitating economical and efficient Waste retrieval  

  • These centers will provide incentives to citizens who generate the waste and waste workers to segregate the dry waste and bring it in for buy back at these Centers

  • These centers will give an option of clean and hygienic option to the waste handlers and waste pickers who make a livelihood out of retrieving and selling recyclables out of waste.

  • The employment opportunities and the dignity out of working in a DWCC will be an invaluable socio-economic opportunity provided to them.

  • The plastic, paper waste, e waste, thermocole can then be routed directly to the recyclers and keep them away from landfills

  • Reduce the plastic lying around in the unsanitary garbage dumps on the roads, which then leads to drains blocking and flooding 

  • Improves the visual cleanliness of the neighborhood

Recover and keep the recyclables away from landfill

Responsible disposable of recyclables and non-recyclables and e-waste

Provide dignity and better livelihood options to waste pickers

Cutting costs of collection and transportation to the ULB

How to achieve it ?

In door-to-door collection , the dry waste can be collected as a separate stream either by the contractor servicing the household or by the DWCC operator and sent to the DWCC. This ensures all dry waste reaches the DWCC. 

Here it is first sorted into recyclables and non-recyclables. The recyclables are further sorted into 20-40 categories depending on the experience of the DWCC operator and the demand for individual waste streams. These are aggregated and sold in the open market.
The non-recyclables are residual dry waste with no market value also called as Refused Derived Fuel (RDF).  These are to be sent to cement kilns for coprocessing or to plants for generation of power.

Since 100% of dry waste comes to a DWCC, it can be managed one way of the other. By managing it, we are ensuring maximum recovery and minimum landfilling.

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Current Status in Bengaluru

There are 100+ Dry Waste Collection Centers in the city. They collect dry waste directly from households. In many wards, a separate vehicle comes to collect the dry waste. Every ward in the city has to have a DWCC and efforts are on to achieve this. 

The dry waste is sorted into 30-45 categories. Recyclable items are sent for recycling. Low Value Plastic (LVP) are supposed to be sent to Aggregation Centers, which are yet to be setup. Further sorting, drying and baling is supposed to happen at the Aggregation Center. Then this has to be sent to cement kilns for coprocessing. This is yet to happen.